ISSN 2413-2322 (Online)

ISSN 2221-1055 (Print)

UDS: 637.1:338.439.02 DOI: https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.202011039
Економіка агропромислового виробництва

Assessment of the role and significance of the dairy subcomplex for solution of food supply and the national economy / Kozak O.A. // Ekonomika APK. - 2020. - № 11 - P. 39

The purpose of the article is to assess the role of the modern dairy subcomplex of Ukraine in solving food supply and its im-portance for the national economy. Research methods. Based on the dialectical method of cognition and a systematic approach to the analysis of the role and significance of the dairy subcomplex, the following methods were used: analysis and synthesis - when assessing the dairy subcomplex in the context of its components and with the subsequent combination of these components into a system; empirical - in the complex assessment of the current state of the research object; abstract-logical - to summarize scientific research and substantiate conclusions; comparative assessment - when comparing the dairy subcomplex of Ukraine and the world; monographic - for the analysis of scientific achievements of Ukrainian and foreign scientists; graphic - illustrative representation of the calculation results. Research results. The concept of "dairy subcomplex" is generalized and a scheme of its production and economic relations is proposed. The advantages of the dairy subcomplex from the standpoint of milk producers and the dairy industry are characterized. The values of dairy products in Ukrainian food rations have been determined and factors influencing changes in consumption have been established. The main positions of the impact of the dairy subcomplex on the functioning of the national economy are highlighted. Scientific novelty. On the basis of a comprehensive assessment of the importance of milk and dairy products for Ukrainian consumers and the role of the dairy subcomplex for the national economy of Ukraine, the objective necessity and obvious priority of the industry among other sectors has been proved, which requires appropriate reflection in the development of state strategies for ensuring food security. Practical significance. The main provisions and conclusions are presented aimed at the factual confirmation of the important role of the dairy subcomplex in the formation of food security of the country and for strengthening the national economy, which can be used by government bodies in substantiating development strategies for the subcomplex in terms of characterizing its value and, accordingly, giving priority with the priority introduction of effective measures public policy. The work may be of interest to the participants of the dairy subcomplex, consumers and public organizations. Tabl.: 2. Figs.: 4. Refs.: 28.
Key words: dairy subcomplex; dairy products; consumption; dairy farming; dairy industry; income; food security; national economy

References

  1. Bozhydarnik, T.V. (2010). Molokoproduktovyi pidkompleks yak vazhlyvyi faktor zabezpechennia prodovolchoi bezpeky krainy [Dairy subcomplex as an important factor in ensuring food security of the country]. Ahrosvit, 18, pp. 32-37 [In Unrainian].
  2. Vasylchak, S.V. (2005). Formuvannia ta rozvytok rehionalnoho rynku moloka i molochnykh produktiv: monohrafiia [Formation and development of the regional market of milk and dairy products: monograph]. Lviv: NVF «Ukrainski tekhnolohii» [In Unrainian].
  3. Derzhavna sluzhba statystyky Ukrainy [State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/ [In Unrainian].
  4. Ilchuk, M.M. (2001). Vyrobnytstvo moloka ta rynok molokoproduktiv [Milk production and dairy market]. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka [In Unrainian].
  5. Ilchuk, M.M. (2004). Efektyvne funktsionuvannia molokoproduktovoho pidkompleksu Ukrainy [Effective functioning of the dairy subcomplex of Ukraine]. Kyiv: Nichlava [In Unrainian].
  6. Kapas, O.M. (2013). Aktualni problemy rozvytku molokoproduktovoho pidkompleksu Ukrainy [Actual problems of development of the dairy subcomplex of Ukraine]. Ekonomika APK, 9, pp. 92-97 [In Unrainian].
  7. Kovalenko, O.V. (2017). Zminy v strukturi kharchovykh ratsioniv u krainakh svitu: vplyv na svitovu ekonomiku ta ekolohiiu [Changes in the structure of food rations in the world: the impact on the world economy and ecology]. Innovatsiinyi rozvytok kharchovoi industrii: zb. nauk. prats za materialamy V Mizhnar. nauk.-prakt. konf., Materialy vystupiv na plenarnomu zasidanni, Sektsiia 1. «Innovatsiini tekhnolohii v kharchovii industrii», Sektsiia 2. «Rozvytok konkurentospromozhnoi kharchovoi promyslovosti ta mekhanizmy orhanizatsii efektyvnykh prodovolchykh rynkiv», 14 hrudnia 2017 r. (pp. 138-144). Kyiv: Instytut prodovolchykh resursiv NAAN [In Unrainian].
  8. Kozak, O.A. & Hryshchenko, O.Yu. (2019). Osoblyvosti formuvannia popytu ta propozytsii na rynku yalovychyny [Demand and supply features in the beef market]. Ekonomika APK, 7, pp. 21-31 [In Unrainian]. https://doi.org/10.32317/2221-1055.201907021.
  9. Kozak, O.A. & Hryshchenko, O.Yu. (2020). Suchasni tendentsii spozhyvannia molochnykh produktiv v Ukraini ta napriamy yikh zmin pid vplyvom pandemii [Current trends in dairy consumption in Ukraine and directions of their changes under the influence of the pandemic]. Aktualni problemy innovatsiinoho rozvytku ahrarnoho sektoru ekonomiky: materialy Odynadtsiatoi mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi molodizhnoi konferentsii, 10 kvitnia 2020 roku. Yu.O. Lupenko (Ed.). (pp. 82-86). Kyiv: NNTs «IAE» [In Unrainian].
  10. Molochna ta molokopererobna promyslovist: Ukraina–2007 [Dairy and milk processing industry: Ukraine – 2007]. (2008). Hrom. Orh. «Asotsiatsiia «Ukrainskyi klub ahrarnoho biznesu». Kyiv: Lohos [In Unrainian].
  11. Parkhomets, M.K. (2001). Ekonomichnyi mekhanizm rozvytku molokoproduktovoho pidkompleksu APK Zakhidnoho rehionu Ukrainy [Economic mechanism of development of dairy subcomplex of agro-industrial complex of the Western region of Ukraine]. Ternopil: Ekonomichna dumka, Erudyt [In Unrainian].
  12. Petrychenko, O.A. (2018). Tendentsii y osoblyvosti rozvytku molokoproduktovoho pidkomleksu Ukrainy [Trends and features of development of the dairy subcomplex of Ukraine]. Ekonomika APK, 4, pp. 42-50 [In Unrainian].
  13. Pro moloko ta molochni produkty: Zakon Ukrainy # 1870-IV vid 24 chervnia 2004 r. (zi zminamy) [On milk and dairy products: Law of Ukraine No. 1870-IV from June 24, 2004 (as amended)]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1870-15#Text [In Unrainian].
  14. Pro skhvalennia Kontseptsii proektu Zakonu Ukrainy «Pro vnutrishniu torhivliu»: Rozporiadzhennia Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 7 zhovtnia 2009 r. # 1200-r. [On approval of the Concept of the draft Law of Ukraine "On Internal Trade": Order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from October 7, 2009 No. 1200-r]. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2009-%D1%80#Text [In Unrainian].
  15. Sychevskyi, M.P. (2019). Kharchova promyslovist yak osnova prodovolchoi bezpeky ta rozvytku derzhavy [Food industry as a basis for food security and state development]. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka [In Unrainian].
  16. Sira, Yu.V. & Kovalenko, O.V. (2014). Molochna promyslovist: suchasnyi stan ta perspektyvy rozvytku [Dairy industry: current status and development prospects]. Kyiv: NNTs «IAE» [In Unrainian].
  17. Lupenko, Yu.O., Mesel-Veseliak, V.Ya., Hryshchenko, O.Yu. & Volosiuk, Yu.V (2016). Stratehichni napriamy rozvytku silskohospodarskoho vyrobnytstva Ukrainy (metodychni pidkhody ta rozrakhunky) [Strategic directions of development of agricultural production of Ukraine (methodical approaches and calculations)]. Yu.O. Lupenko, V.Ya. Mesel-Veseliak (Ed.). Kyiv: NNTs «IAE» [In Unrainian].
  18. Shpychak, O.M., Zymovets, V.N., Seperovych, N.V., et al. (1999). Stan i perspektyvy molokoproduktovoho pidkomleksu APK Ukrainy [Status and prospects of the dairy subcomplex of the agro-industrial complex of Ukraine]. Kyiv: IAE [In Unrainian].
  19. FAO. Nutritive factors. Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/ess/ess_test_folder/Food_security/Excel_sheets/Nutritive_Factors.xls [In English].
  20. Gerber, P., Vellinga, T., Opio, C,. et al. (2011). Productivity gains and emissions intensity reduction in dairy systems. Livestock Sci., vol. 139, pp. 100–108 [In English].
  21. Global Fairy Planform. Perspective enhancing nutritional security: how dairy optimizes natural resources. (2018). Retrieved from: https://www.globaldairyplatform.com/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/enhancing-nutritional-security-how-dairy-optimizes-natural-resources.pdf. [In English].
  22. Gregory, D. Miller & Nancy, Auestad. (2013). Toward a sustainable dairy sector: Leadership in sustainable nutrition. International Journal of Dairy Technology [In English]. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0307.12067.
  23. Hedenus, F., Wirsenius, S. & Johansson, D.J.A. (2014). The importance of reduced meat and dairy consumption for meeting stringent climate change targets. Climatic Change, vol. 124, pp. 79-91 [In English].
  24. Hemme, T. (Ed.). (2020): IFCN Dairy Report 2020, IFCN, Kiel, Germany [In English].
  25. Muehlhoff, Ellen & Bennett Anthony. (2013). McMahon Deirdre Milk and dairy products in human nutrition. FAO. Rome Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/i3396e/i3396e.pdf [In English].
  26. Per capita Consumption. Retrieved from: https://www.clal.it/en/?section=tabs_consumi_procapite [In English].
  27. The global dairy sector: facts. (2016). FAO. Retrieved from: https://www.fil-idf.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/FAO-Global-Facts-1.pdf [In English].
  28. Vermeulen, S.J., Campbell, B.M. & Ingram J.S.I. (2012). Climate change and food systems. Environment and Resources, vol. 37, pp. 195-222. [In English]. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-environ-020411-130608
Read article: ekonomikaapk_2020_11_p_39_51.pdf